Replacement leadership SMARTER project

Because of sudden and severe health problems, Carole Moreno was obliged to withdraw from the leadership of SMARTER. Rachel Rupp (WP3 leader), who is working in the same INRAE lab will take the lead until she comes back. Carole wishes us to carry on united and as enthusiastic as ever and assures us that she […]

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PhD students in SMARTER project: Marie Ithurbide

Marie became a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine in 2020 at the national veterinary school of Toulouse (ENVT). She completed an M1 in public health at Paul Sabatier University then an M2 in tropical animal disease management (GIMAT) co-supervised by ENVT and CIRAD. This double course allowed her to acquire a transversal knowledge of animal health, […]

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Stakeholders’ activities

– by C. Mosconi In 2021, the dissemination activities for stakeholders will be focused on the ten National Round Tables to be organized in the second part of the year and the first part of 2022. Moreover, during the ICAR Annual Conference a Smarter session was held. The ten National Round Tables (NRTs) The programme […]

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International genetic evaluation: a questionnaire to assess the willingness of sheep and goat breeders and organisations in participating in a future routine evaluation

– by J.M. Astruc Work package 6 is dedicated to the development and implementation of practical selection tools to achieve the overarching objective of SMARTER (develop novel and collaborative strategies to improve the resilience and efficiency of the sheep and goat sectors), especially through harmonisation and international cooperation. In order to propose an organisation and […]

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Genetic diversity of Saanen and Alpine dairy goat population across four countries

– by M. Teissier, C. Robert-Granié, L. F. Brito, H. Larroque In the WP6 of Smarter, the ambition is to study the implementation of an international genomic evaluation in dairy goats. The first studies focused on the analysis of available genomic data shared between 4 countries (Canada, France, Italy, Switzerland) on the two main dairy […]

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International Evaluation of Dairy Sheep in Smarter

– by A. Legarra We work with two groups of breeds from western Pyrenees, the black-faced (Manech Tête Noire and Latxa Cara Negra from Navarre), and the blond faced (Manech Tête Rousse and Latxa Cara Rubia). These breeds follow separate breeding schemes although with frequent exchanges, in particular in the last 10 years. Therefore, there […]

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EAAP invited review paper Livestock disease resilience: from individual to herd level

– by A. Doeschl-Wilson et al. Infectious diseases are a major threat to the sustainable production of small ruminants and other livestock species. Control efforts, such as vaccination or breeding approaches often target improvements to individual resilience to infections, i.e. they strengthen an animal’s ability to cope with infection, rather than preventing infection per se. […]

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Selection on functional longevity in a commercial population translates into significant differences in longevity, and resilience, in a common farm environment

– by M. Ithurbide, C. Huau, I. Palhière, T. Fassier, N.C. Friggens, R. Rupp The aim of the first article of Marie Ithurbide’s PhD (submitted to JDS in august 2021) was to validate the use of functional longevity as an indicator of resilience for selection. To address this question, we created 2 divergent lines of […]

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Meta-analysis of genetic parameters for resilience and efficiency traits in goats and sheep

– by S. Mucha, F. Tortereau, A. Doeschl-Wilson, R. Rupp, J Conington Genetic selection focused purely on production traits has proven very successful in improving the productive performance of livestock. However, heightened environmental and infectious disease challenges have raised the need to also improve the resilience of animals to such external stressors, as well as […]

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Editorial

SMARTER is almost at the end of the second period (M36 in October 2021). Once again, we will have our next annual meeting by video conference because of the COVID crisis. The agenda for the remote SMARTER includes 3-hours meetings per WPs from 11th to 22nd of October and will allow for an overview of […]

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